Stem Cell – PRP & Regenerative Medicine
Regenerative medicine is a recent innovation in the medical field, as conventional treatments often focus on “managing” the symptoms rather than healing the body. In contrast to conventional medical therapy, regenerative treatments are long term medical solutions that work to recover health and regenerate tissue, restoring the body to its optimal condition.
Regeneration involves regenerative injections in problem areas such as joints. The injections can be amniotic stem cells or platelet rich plasma (PRP). Both injections can repair injured cartilage and tissue and fix the root of the problem, while reducing pain and inflammation. This treatment has helped many people avoid replacement surgery and return normal functionality to previously injured or diseased joints.
Stem cell therapy involves the injection of stem cells directly into the affected area, prompting the body to rebuild its damaged joint. Adult stem cells are used to treat patients with damaged tissues due to age or deterioration. During a procedure, stem cells are isolated from the patient, concentrated and delivered back to the site of injury to assist in the healing process.
Each injection also contains hyaluronic acid (also a naturally occurring substance in our body), which lubricates joints, relieves pain, and recovers lost mobility. This procedure may prevent or delay elective orthopedic surgery (joint replacement or fusion). The patient may therefore avoid a lengthy post-operative period, an invasive procedure, and a lengthy rehabilitation.
PRP Platelet rich plasma therapy is a safe, non-invasive procedure for stimulating long term healing and pain relief. PRP utilizes platelets from the patient’s own blood to help rebuild damaged cartilage or tendons.
A small volume (10 cc’s) of blood are taken from the patient’s arm is concentrated through a centrifuge to produce the resultant high potency PLATELETS. Platelets are blood cells that aide in clotting. Also, PLATELETS are rich in growth factors that help in pain reduction, tissue healing, tissue repair, bone regeneration, development of new blood vessels, and stimulate wound healing. PRP stimulates the growth of collagen which is the main component of connective tissue such as tendons and cartilage. PRP contains growth factors that attract and recruit stem cells to the area of tissue damage. PRP also increases the effectiveness of the stem cells to help decrease inflammation.
Medical literature indicates that the most successful areas to treat PRP are: Plantar Fascitis pain, Patella Tendonitis (knee), Lateral Epicondylitis (elbow), Tendonitis or Rotator Cuff tear (shoulder). Platelet rich plasma injections have been proposed as a promising alternative for treating tendinopathies.
The PRP is then filtered and separated. This increases the concentration of platelets and growth factors to approximately 400%. The number of platelets in PRP is approximately 4 to 8x normal.
This concentrate is then injected into the tendon sheath (for example tennis elbow) under ultrasound guidance to help in decreasing inflammation and pain and increasing architectural changes and increasing positive architectural changes within the tendon. This non-surgical method is ideal for patients with active lifestyles who want to avoid the downtime of surgery.